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Tuesday, 27 November 2012

Isreal & Palestine newer History (Must read history)

Middle East in Crisis

         The Middle East has been the world troublespot since 1948, when an uneasy peace followed the Arab- Israeli war. Israel fought three more wars against its Arab neighbours,  and the Palestinians remained without the homeland of their own. Terrorism became a terrible weapon in this conflict, which was bound up with two other issues: the World thirst for oil, much of which comes from the Middle States, and the rise of Islamic Fundamentalism.

         Israel's population increased during 1950s as Jews emigrated from Europe, russia and the U.S. The Palestine Arabs, pushed into separate communities within Israel, began the campaign for their own state. War were fought in 1956, 1967 and 1973. The first war began after Egypt took control of Suez Canal. British and France invaded Egypt, but later withdrew. Israel won control of Jerusalem and the West Bank of the Jordan river. It fought off Egyptian and Syrian attacks in the  Yom Kippur war in 1973.

   
   Israel also became involved in the civil war in Lebanon,where many Palestinians live in refugee camps. By 1990s, Israel had signed peace agreement with Egypt, Jordan and Syria, and the Palestinians had attained limited self-government. Yet terrorist attacks by extremist group opposed the new Israeli settlements, and even Israel's very existence, continued.




The US has tried to mediate in the Middle East, though 
many Arabs see America as Israel's ally. In 1993, President Bill
Clinton (centre) welcome the deal between Israeli Prime Minister
Yitzhak Rabin (left) and Yasser Arafat, leader of the Palestinians, 
to established Palestinian self-rule. Rabin was assassinated in 1995.
Photo credit to bbc.co.uk    
                                           
   In 1979, the Shah of Iran was overthrown and an Islamic regime took over. Iran went to the war with Iraq in 1980. Neither side won costly conflict. In 1990, Iraq invaded its tiny neighbour Kuwait, but was defeated in the brief Gulf War by the UN coalition force led by the US. Iraqi's ruler  Saddam Hussein was finally deposed in 2003, when US-led forces invaded Iraq.
Ayatollah Khomeini (1900-1989)         
was a revolutionary religious leader 
of Iran. He came to power in 1979
after the Shah of Iran was overthrown.
Under Khomeini, Iran became a strict Muslim 
state. Photo credit to en.wikipedia.org

Saddam Hussein.  
Ruled oil-rich Iraq from 1979-2003. 
A brutal dictator, he was tried by the
Iraq Special Tribunal in 2006 and 
sentenced to death by hanging. He was
executed on 30 December, 2006.
Photo credit to en.wikipedia.org


The Israel Barrier.
In order to protect itself from attacks by Palestinian
fighter, Israel has built a huge concrete wall between 
its territories and Palestinian lands.
 Photo credit to Reuters

Brief of History

1956 - Egypt take control of Suez Canal.

1964 - Formation of the Palestinians Liberation Organization (PLO)

1967 - Six-Days War, between Israel and Egypt, Jordan and Syria.

1973 - The Yom Kippur War. Israel fight Egypt and Syria.

1976 - Fighting break out in Lebanon.

1979 - Peace treaty between Israel and Egypt. Shah of Iran is                                                                                                   
overthrown and Islamic Republican  Government is set up. 

1980-1988 - Iran - Iraq War.

1982 - Israel invaded Lebanon

1987 - Fighting between Palestinians and Israeli troop in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

1990-1991 - In the Gulf War, Iraq invaded Kuwait, but is repulsed by UN troops.

1993 - Israeli and Palestinian leader hold talks in the US.

1994 - Israel and Jordan sign a peace agreement.

1995 - Israel sign an agreement to extend self-rule to the Palestinians.

2003 - Short war in Iraq removes Saddam Hussein.

2006 - Saddam Hussein is executed for crimes against humanity.



Happy reading readers and friends, Never assuming anything without knowing it.... May cause a big conflict in our lovely peaceful country, MALAYSIA.... This is no RELIGIOUS war...
Israel had signed many peace agreement with others country, everyone had stop the war except Palestinian.... 

P.S. I didn't stand on any religious side, cos i am neither of the religion that many Malaysian said is a RELIGIOUS War... So, PEACE is all we want in MALAYSIA... Never be NARROW- MINEDE without knowing the History...

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